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Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth Biography

Queen Elizabeth

Who is Queen Elizabeth?

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary (21 April 1926 – 8 September 2022) was Queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms from 6 February 1952 until her death in 2022. She was queen regnant of 32 sovereign states during her lifetime and 15 at the time of her death.  Her reign of 70 years and 214 days is the longest of any British monarch and the second-longest verified reign of any sovereign in history. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; 21 April 1926 – 8 September 2022) was Queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms from 6 February 1952 until her death in 2022. She was queen regnant of 32 sovereign states during her lifetime and 15 at the time of her death. Her reign of 70 years and 214 days is the longest of any British monarch and the second-longest verified reign of any sovereign in history.

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Queen’s Early Life

Elizabeth was born at 02:40 (GMT) on 21 April 1926, during the reign of her paternal grandfather, King George V. Her father, Prince Albert, Duke of York was the second son of the King. Her mother, Elizabeth, Duchess of York, was the youngest daughter of Scottish aristocrat Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. Princess Elizabeth was delivered by Caesarean section at 17 Bruton Street in Mayfair, which was her grandfather Lord Strathmore’s London home. She was baptised by the Anglican Archbishop of York, Cosmo Gordon Lang, in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace on 29 May, and named Elizabeth after her mother; Alexandra after her paternal great-grandmother, who had died six months earlier; and Mary after her paternal grandmother.

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Queen’s Heir presumptive

During her grandfather’s reign, Elizabeth was third in the line of succession to the British throne, behind her uncle Edward and her father. Although her birth generated public interest, she was not expected to become queen, as Edward was still young and likely to marry and have children of his own, who would precede Elizabeth in the line of succession. When her grandfather died in 1936 and her uncle succeeded as Edward VIII, she became second in line to the throne, after her father.

Elizabeth received private tuition in constitutional history from Henry Marten, Vice-Provost of Eton College, and learned French from a succession of native-speaking governesses.


Elizabeth met her future husband, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, in 1934 and again in 1937. They were second cousins once removed through King Christian IX of Denmark and third cousins through Queen Victoria. After meeting for the third time at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth in July 1939, Elizabeth—though only 13 years old—said she fell in love with Philip, who was 18, and they began to exchange letters. She was 21 when their engagement was officially announced on 9 July 1947.A Complete Timeline of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip's Relationship

                          Queen Elizabeth with her husband Prince Philip


On 8 September 2022, Buckingham Palace announced that Elizabeth was under medical supervision at Balmoral Castle after doctors expressed concern. The statement read: “Following further evaluation this morning, the Queen’s doctors are concerned for Her Majesty’s health and have recommended she remain under medical supervision. The Queen remains comfortable and at Balmoral.” Elizabeth’s four children, along with her daughters-in-law Camilla and Sophie and grandsons William and Harry, travelled to Balmoral. Her death was confirmed two hours later at 18:30 BST, setting in motion Operation London Bridge and, because she died in Scotland, Operation Unicorn.

Her state funeral was held at Westminster Abbey at 11:00 BST on 19 September 2022, and she was interred at the King George VI Memorial Chapel, part of St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle, at around 19:30 the same day, in a private ceremony with only her closest family, which was not broadcast or filmed for the general public.

Queen Elizabeth’s Personal life

Queen Elizabeth II was the head of the state of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and other 11 countries. After being head of these states obviously, along with the benefits there were some disadvantages to the post.

United Kingdom’s Royal family and especially Queen Elizabeth is very powerful. The power that Queen Elizabeth enjoys are beyond imagination. Some powers she used to enjoy are:

  1. Queen Elizabeth neither needs a driving license to drive nor she needs passport & visa while international and national travelling.
  2. To talk about money/cash a private cash machine is always there at her majesty’s disposal
  3. Neither anyone can sue Queen Elizabeth nor she have to pay tax.

Queen Elizabeth was not allowed to do normal things that we do daily without any fear. Some of the rules are as mentioned below:

  1. Whatever happens off-camera behind the closed doors of Royal Palace but in public, Queen Elizabeth wasn’t allowed to walk together with her husband Prince Philip, rather Queen Elizabeth was supposed to walk a step ahead of him.
  2. Queen Elizabeth wasn’t allowed to speak freely with anybody at the dinner party.
  3. If the dinner party was arranged from the Queen’s side, then the number of guests attending in party must be more or less than 13 not exact 13 guests were never invited. Many people believed that the reason behind this was that the number 13 is Queen’s unlucky number.
  4. Queen Elizabeth is no less than a celebrity, and when a celebrity comes out in the public he/she has to give autographs too. But Queen Elizabeth was not allowed to give autographs (this was made­ so that no any could do fraud using the Queen’s fake signature). Just like autograph one member of Royal family was not allowed to take selfies in the public.
  5. Neither Queen Elizabeth can support any political party nor she can cast her vote.
  6. Royal females were not allowed to sit in a crossed legged position.
  7. Among the strict rules of British Royal family, one is that the heirs to the Queen’s throne can’t travel together.
  8. Queen Elizabeth whenever goes out of the city she should follow certain rules regarding the collection of the dresses she carries.
  9. Queen Elizabeth and her family is not allowed permitted to eat a lot of food items, which includes shell fish, garlic, onions and tap water.
  10. Queen Elizabeth has to wear gloves in public either it is raining or extremely hot.

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